Organ shoes are special shoes worn by organists, designed to facilitate playing of an organ pedalboard and reduce the risk of receiving a marching fracture. Also, since organ shoes are worn only at the organ, the use of special footwear avoid picking up grit or grime that could scar or stain the pedals.
mp3″>http://www.himfr.com/buy-mp3_sock/“>mp3 sockOrgan shoes are typically as small as possible, so as to prevent accidental hitting of more than one pedal at a time. They usually have a flexible, lightweight leather upper held snugly to the foot. The material should allow the organist?? feet to glide against each other without sticking together or making noise. They are often made from a soft, flexible leather sole (suede preferably) which allows the organist to slide his/her feet easily both along and across the pedals. The sole should be thin enough to feel the pedals easily. Organ shoes always have a slight heel, of about an inch and a quarter in height (for comfort of the leg and playing double notes) and wide enough that it cannot become wedged between two pedals, covered with a soft material such as suede leather to dampen noise. In general, rubber-covered heels are not suitable because they cannot slide easily between pedals (e.g., for chromatic glissandos).
While specialized organ shoes are not widely available, many types of footwear have characteristics that make them suitable for use as organ shoes, depending on the needs and preferences of the individual organist. A lace-up ballet slipper, or capezio shoe can also double for an organ shoe for those organists who are on a budget. Like that of an organ shoe, the ballet slipper, or capezio shoe also allows the organist to „feel“ the pedals, and play them without hitches because they are generally have the same characteristics of a specialized organ shoe: a leather upper and sole for flexibility.
Wearing appropriate footwear can protect organists from getting a „marching fracture“, which is a type of incomplete fracture in bones. It is caused by „unusual or repeated stress“ from some type of physical activity. This is in contrast to other types of fractures, which are usually characterized by a solitary, severe impact. Organists often keep their organ shoes in a box in a separate place from their everyday shoes, so that they will not get dirty. This reduces the risk of picking up grit or grime which could marr the pedals.
The Papal shoes are the red leather outdoor shoes worn by the Pope. They should not be confused with the indoor papal slippers or the Episcopal sandals, which are the liturgical footwear proper to all Latin Rite bishops.
As did many noblemen, the Pope wore slippers (pantofole) inside his residences and leather shoes outside. The indoor papal slippers were made of red velvet or silk and were heavily decorated in gold braid, with a gold cross in the middle.
Before 1969, the Pope, like all bishops and prelates, wore Episcopal sandals during the Mass. The color of the Episcopal sandals varied to match the liturgical color of the Mass.
The Papal outdoor shoes were made of plain red Morocco leather and had a wide cross in gold braid. The cross once extended across the shoe and down to the sole. In the eighteenth century the ends of the cross were shortened, as shown in the photo of Pius VII’s shoes. This old-fashioned type of dress shoe is very thin-soled and is sometimes called „pantofola liscia“ or smooth slipper model.
After 1958, Pope John XXIII added gold buckles to the outdoor papal shoes, making them similar to the red shoes worn by cardinals outside of Rome.
Pope Paul VI eliminated the gold cross and completely discontinued the custom of kissing the papal foot. Paul VI can be seen wearing red buckled shoes in photographs from his 1964 trip to Jerusalem. In 1969, Paul VI abolished buckles from all ecclesiastical shoes, which had been customarily required at the Papal Court and for prelates. He also discontinued the use of the indoor velvet papal slippers and the Paschal mozzetta and shoes. Paul VI wore plain red leather shoes throughout the rest of his pontificate. Pope John Paul I, who was pope for only 33 days, continued wearing the plain red leather shoes worn by Paul VI. Early in his pontificate Pope John Paul II wore red shoes; however he quickly adopted wearing ordinary brown shoes. Paul VI, John Paul I, and John Paul II were buried in the red leather papal shoes.
Pope Benedict XVI restored the use of the red papal shoes, which are provided by his personal cobbler in Rome.. In 2008, Pope Benedict XVI also restored the use of the white damask silk Paschal mozzetta, which was previously worn with white silk slippers.
The papal shoes, along with the camauro, papal mozzetta, and cloak (tabarro), are the only remnants of the former red color of the papal garments. St. Pope Pius V (1566 – 1572), who was a Dominican, changed the papal color to white, and it has remained so since.